Public campaigns and other policy instruments can significantly influence consumer behavior and contribute to a reduction of consumer food waste. However, there are only very few studies that have evaluated to what extent policy interventions actually reduced or prevented food waste. The REFRESH Policy brief summarizes REFRESH findings on consumer behaviour as well as related research results and derives policy recommendations to reduce consumer food waste. The policy brief is based on the REFRESH report "Policies against consumer food waste: Policy options for behaviour change including public campaigns".
This report translates the findings of the REFRESH project on consumer behaviour into policy recommendations. It helps national and regional policy makers in designing and improving appropriate interventions against food waste. It focus on policy instruments that aim to reduce consumer food waste including in-home and out-of-home consumption.
This policy brief outlines the relevance of Unfair Trading Practices to understanding addressing food waste in the supply chain and makes recommendations on mitigating Unfair Trading Practices for a fairer and less wasteful supply chain.
This policy brief outlines how to create a favourable context for the implementation of Voluntary Agreements (VAs) within any Member State to drive food waste reduction. The collaborative nature of VAs is furthermore highlighted, as the food waste savings target of a VA is more likely to be met via active involvement and collaboration of all supply chain actors.
FORKLIFT is a spreadsheet learning tool that indicates life cycle greenhouse gas emissions and costs for using selected food side flows . It allows users to interpret the results regarding the effects of intervention with the additional effect of making it possible to compare the results with alternative products available on the market.
The “FoodWasteEXplorer” is an online database that provides industry, SME, researchers, government agencies and the general public with access to the biochemical composition of agri-food chain waste streams. This information can be used to identify the level of certain compounds in different side streams so that the user can explore how food waste may be better managed and helps to identify market opportunities. Use of the FoodWasteEXplorer is free-of-charge and can be accessed at: ws.eurofir.org/foodwasteexplorer
The nature, content, and format of on-pack guidance is thought to play a role in food waste generation, and therefore potentially in food waste prevention. The main objective of this study was to examine the effects on consumers of different contents and formats of guidance on food and drink packaging, using large-scale experiments.
There are numerous of tools available which facilitate effective decision making, leading to actions that will prevent and valorise waste. This piece of work identifies the need for a gap analysis of existing guidance and tools, with the aim of helping to inform the development of Decision Support Systems (DSSs) by REFRESH. Outcomes of the work are summarised in this report.
This report examines and evaluates the availability and effectiveness of existing ICT-based tools and smart technologies for food management and waste reduction by consumers. It results that consumers seem to be interested in apps that help in reducing food waste, but do not perceive a clear need to use these as they think that they do not waste much food. Further, results of the study indicate that user-friendliness is a key component.
This research investigated the consumer understanding and acceptance of different valorisation methods for food surplus and side-flows. Of particular interest was the extent to which consumers accept and even appreciate products resulting from innovative waste valorisation processes. Results showed that although gleaning-based valorised products were deemed acceptable to be used within the setting of school lunches, the other valorisation methods were not, however, the participants did not view them as unsuitable for adult consumption.
The spreadsheet tool FORKLIFT was developed to help stakeholders gain a general understanding of the environmental impacts and costs for selected valorisation routes of a given food processing side flow. The approach enables the user to change different parameters and to try out how these changes affect the life cycle costs and greenhouse gas emissions. This report provides the general methodological background for the tool.
The report investigates using vegetable side streams, treated using a thermophysical technique known as steam explosion, as food ingredients and tests their functionality in model food products.
The report provides a baseline understanding of the current management approaches identified in previous research undertaken by REFRESH with respect to the policy concept of a Waste Hierarchy. It categorises management approaches that have been identified for 20 selected food production residues.
The model architecture described in this deliverable provides the framework through which data and simulations from the data on food waste at a consumer level and at a retail level can be integrated into simulation models. This report highlights the technical approaches followed to achieve model integration.
This brochure describes the interim results of the REFRESH (Resource Efficient Food and dRink for the Entire Supply cHain) project through May 2018. REFRESH’s research into the behaviours, economics, and relationships that lead to food waste will inform future recommendations for efficient and versatile solutions to food waste at all levels of production.
This report provides a qualitative assessment of Voluntary Agreements (VAs) and regulation against Unfair Trading Practices (UTPs) as two typologies of policy interventions having an impact on food loss and waste.
This scientific paper analyses the benefits of agreements between charity organizations providing meals (e.g. soup kitchens) and the food industry. It shows that structural food donations reduce the overall costs of the soup kitchen and can contribute towards a good variety in the meals offered. Moreover, due to the redistribution of food, the overall waste levels in the supply chain are reduced.
The report provides an overview of the most relevant EU policies and instruments with an impact on food waste generation and/or prevention. It explains the relevance of the different policy areas at EU level and identifies the gaps, overlaps and unintended effects of EU regulation. Finally, it identifies potential opportunities for improvement in each policy area.
An expert seminar examined the viability of feeding treated surplus food to pigs and chickens. It examined the hazards and risk factors, and the environmental benefits. The panel concluded the practice is viable provided certain safety measures are enforced involving a combination of heat treatment and acidification and a system to prevent cross-contamination.
This peer-reviewed paper finds that consumer food waste is influenced by country, age, student status, and belief that the family wastes too much, and suggests how policy interventions can be designed to target these drivers.