Report

This document provides guidance for evaluating interventions and policies designed to reduce the amount of household food waste. In this context, interventions are any activity – such as campaigns, changes to food packaging or products – that are being undertaken in order to prevent household food waste.


Video

This is a recording of the REFRESH webinar that took place on 2 May 2019. This REFRESH webinar provided insight into identifying, measuring and collaborating to address food waste in the retail sector. How can retailers identify food waste hotspots? What are the best approaches to measuring their food waste? What lessons can we learn from interventions made by a major retailer in Eastern Europe? How can different retail departments successfully work together?


for 1 player | ca. 10 minutes

The production of food results in by-products. Instead of disposing them as waste, they can also be valorised into new products. This quiz lets you find out what new products can be made from this food waste. The player scrolls two image galleries and chooses two pictures that correspond as food waste and new product. When clicking 'submit' the player is informed whether the assignment was correct. There are eight possible pairs to be found.


Video

This is a recording of the REFRESH webinar that took place on 29 April 2019. This REFRESH webinar provided insights into drivers and interventions to tackle food waste at home. What drives food waste in the home? What are the household practices that contribute to it? How can we most effectively design policy interventions and evaluate impacts to prevent it?


Video

This is a recording of the REFRESH webinar that took place on 10 April 2019. This REFRESH webinar provided insights into a collaborative approach to reduce food waste along the whole supply chain. What causes food waste in the supply chain and how can voluntary agreements address this? What is the role for voluntary agreements vs legislation? What can we learn from voluntary agreements implemented in Europe?


Decision Support System
Food Waste Compositional Database

FoodWasteEXplorer is an online, searchable database of food waste compositional data. It allows users to search for nutrients, bioactives, toxicants and other waste related data in specific side streams.


Video

This is a recording of the REFRESH webinar that took place on 9 April 2019. It provided insights into opportunities and approaches for increasing the value of food waste and by-products: What are the opportunities available at different parts of the supply chain to use unavoidable food waste and food side streams? What are the opportunities and barriers presented by policy? How can food streams be best assessed for increasing their value? What can we learn from existing case studies?


Decision Support System

A voluntary agreement is a proven method for tackling food waste. By working together to achieve collective goals, organisations can collaborate and deliver change in the most efficient, effective way. Using practical examples from the REFRESH national programs, as well as WRAP’s UK success including Courtauld 2025, this guide outlines the steps necessary for building successful voluntary agreements.


Scientific Paper
An assessment of methods to measure household food waste

Multiple methods to measure household food waste have been proposed, but little is known about their validity. In this study, five methods are compared empirically: general survey questions, diaries, photo coding, kitchen caddies, and weekly survey.


Scientific Paper
The validity of photograph coding to assess household food waste

Is it possible to assess the amount of food wasted by coding photographs of household food waste? This study examines the validity of this measurement method and finds that the method appears promising for application in studies examining household food waste levels.


Policy Brief

Public campaigns and other policy instruments can significantly influence consumer behavior and contribute to a reduction of consumer food waste. However, there are only very few studies that have evaluated to what extent policy interventions actually reduced or prevented food waste. The REFRESH Policy brief summarizes REFRESH findings on consumer behaviour as well as related research results and derives policy recommendations to reduce consumer food waste. The policy brief is based on the REFRESH report "Policies against consumer food waste: Policy options for behaviour change including public campaigns".


Report
Policy options for behaviour change including public campaigns

This report translates the findings of the REFRESH project on consumer behaviour into policy recommendations. It helps national and regional policy makers in designing and improving appropriate interventions against food waste. It focus on policy instruments that aim to reduce consumer food waste including in-home and out-of-home consumption.


Policy Brief

This policy brief outlines the relevance of Unfair Trading Practices to understanding addressing food waste in the supply chain and makes recommendations on mitigating Unfair Trading Practices for a fairer and less wasteful supply chain.


Policy Brief

This policy brief outlines how to create a favourable context for the implementation of Voluntary Agreements (VAs) within any Member State to drive food waste reduction. The collaborative nature of VAs is furthermore highlighted, as the food waste savings target of a VA is more likely to be met via active involvement and collaboration of all supply chain actors.


Decision Support System
FORKLIFT (FOod side flow Recovery LIFe cycle Tool): Valorisation spreadsheet tool

FORKLIFT is a spreadsheet learning tool that indicates life cycle greenhouse gas emissions and costs for using selected food side flows . It allows users to interpret the results regarding the effects of intervention with the additional effect of making it possible to compare the results with alternative products available on the market.


Report
Database for food valorisation options to avoid food waste

The “FoodWasteEXplorer” is an online database that provides industry, SME, researchers, government agencies and the general public with access to the biochemical composition of agri-food chain waste streams. This information can be used to identify the level of certain compounds in different side streams so that the user can explore how food waste may be better managed and helps to identify market opportunities. Use of the FoodWasteEXplorer is free-of-charge and can be accessed at: ws.eurofir.org/foodwasteexplorer


Report

The nature, content, and format of on-pack guidance is thought to play a role in food waste generation, and therefore potentially in food waste prevention. The main objective of this study was to examine the effects on consumers of different contents and formats of guidance on food and drink packaging, using large-scale experiments.


Report
Helping retail and supply chain businesses to identify and prevent the causes of food waste

There are numerous of tools available which facilitate effective decision making, leading to actions that will prevent and valorise waste. This piece of work identifies the need for a gap analysis of existing guidance and tools, with the aim of helping to inform the development of Decision Support Systems (DSSs) by REFRESH. Outcomes of the work are summarised in this report.


Report

This report examines and evaluates the availability and effectiveness of existing ICT-based tools and smart technologies for food management and waste reduction by consumers. It results that consumers seem to be interested in apps that help in reducing food waste, but do not perceive a clear need to use these as they think that they do not waste much food. Further, results of the study indicate that user-friendliness is a key component.


Report

This research investigated the consumer understanding and acceptance of different valorisation methods for food surplus and side-flows. Of particular interest was the extent to which consumers accept and even appreciate products resulting from innovative waste valorisation processes. Results showed that although gleaning-based valorised products were deemed acceptable to be used within the setting of school lunches, the other valorisation methods were not, however, the participants did not view them as unsuitable for adult consumption.


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