This report analyses two specific activities within REFRESH: First, the dissemination of the Framework for Action (“Blueprint”) that helps national governments to build Voluntary Agreements with the relevant stakeholders in the sector to reduce food loss and waste and second, work with Standardisation Bodies, specifically barcode standards used by retailers.

This report provides a detailed overview of REFRESH’s activities as well as an assessment of their outreach and impact. It also reflects on the lessons learned of REFRESH’s communication activities, including barriers and success formats.

In this PhD thesis several interventions are analyzed in order to reduce the food waste of retailers, or to re-use food leftovers. The interventions tested are: Discounting nearly expired products, a dynamic shelf life, the incorporation of substitution behavior in the ordering process of the retailer and the re-use of leftovers by a soup kitchen. All interventions show potential to reduce food waste. 

It can be difficult for businesses to identify in which conditions a valorization option is economically feasible. Using a case study on a chicory processing by-product, this report presents a methodology for a well-underpinned assessment of practical economic feasibility.

This report identifies how external conditions (legislative, environmental, social and economic) can influence development of food waste conversion options, specifically through conversion of currently wasted food to animal feed.

This policy brief outlines the environmental, economic and safety considerations of reforming EU law to enable surplus food containing meat to be fed to omnivorous non-ruminant livestock like pigs, in order to drive food waste valorisation through animal feed.

With the close of REFRESH in June 2019 the EU Health and Food Safety Commissioner Vytenis Andriukaitis congratulates to the success of an outstanding research project. In a video message, he says that with its concrete actions and tools developed, REFRESH results will continue to guide EU policy for food waste reduction. The Commissioner himself was involved in many events and activities of the project. In particular, Commissioner Andriukaitis underlines the value of REFRESH insights on how to better understand and reduce consumer food waste and the voluntary agreements that have been established in four EU countries and that will guide the way for more public private partnerships.

One aspect of REFRESH aimed to design and pilot food waste voluntary agreements (VAs) across EU member states and subsequently assess their potential for wider adoption. In the context of REFRESH, a piloted VA is described as a “Framework for Action” (FA). In total, four countries across Europe piloted FAs: Netherlands, Spain, Germany and Hungary. In this report the authors evaluate the piloted FAs to assess whether they had been successful, show their potential impact and highlight the circumstances in which they are likely to be more successful if replicated.

A suite of case studies from across the EU, demonstrating actions to reduce food losses and waste.

This report presents the results from the life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle costing (LCC) of two food waste prevention and upgrading case studies. The first focused on the heat treatment of manufacturing, retail, and catering food surplus so that it could be used as pig feed in UK and France. The second focused on the prevention of peach and nectarine (PN) spoilage and overproduction along the supply chain, considering Italian and Spanish production sold by one UK wholesaler.

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