The REFRESH final results brochure provides an overview of the work undertaken within the project including key insights and links to the results that are available online.
This report provides an overview of how the valorisation tasks within the REFRESH project support the EU food waste targets.
It can be difficult for businesses to identify in which conditions a valorization option is economically feasible. Using a case study on a chicory processing by-product, this report presents a methodology for a well-underpinned assessment of practical economic feasibility.
Valorising food waste by extracting high value food ingredients such as bioactives is a preferable alternative to traditional valorisation approaches, such as animal feed. This report investigates the potential benefits and drawbacks, as well as favorable conditions for such processes through a number of case studies, using tomato side streams as an example.
This report identifies how external conditions (legislative, environmental, social and economic) can influence development of food waste conversion options, specifically through conversion of currently wasted food to animal feed.
In many countries, a considerable proportion of wasted food and food residues still ends up as mixed putrescible waste which contains a high-water content and which may vary considerably both regionally and seasonally. Market assessments show domination of crop-based commodity feedstocks such as maize or corn and plant-based lipids rather than food chain wastes. The authors investigate the conversion of mixed post-consumer organic putrescible food waste materials into fuels and chemicals.
These technical guidelines describe in detail the environmental, economic, nutrition and safety considerations of reforming EU law to enable surplus food containing meat to be fed to omnivorous non-ruminant livestock like pigs, in order to drive food waste valorisation through animal feed.
The production of food results in by-products. Instead of disposing them as waste, they can also be valorised into new products. This quiz lets you find out what new products can be made from this food waste. The player scrolls two image galleries and chooses two pictures that correspond as food waste and new product. When clicking 'submit' the player is informed whether the assignment was correct. There are eight possible pairs to be found.
FoodWasteEXplorer is an online, searchable database of food waste compositional data. It allows users to search for nutrients, bioactives, toxicants and other waste related data in specific side streams.
FORKLIFT is a spreadsheet learning tool that indicates life cycle greenhouse gas emissions and costs for using selected food side flows . It allows users to interpret the results regarding the effects of intervention with the additional effect of making it possible to compare the results with alternative products available on the market.