This report provides a detailed overview of REFRESH’s activities as well as an assessment of their outreach and impact. It also reflects on the lessons learned of REFRESH’s communication activities, including barriers and success formats.

In this PhD thesis several interventions are analyzed in order to reduce the food waste of retailers, or to re-use food leftovers. The interventions tested are: Discounting nearly expired products, a dynamic shelf life, the incorporation of substitution behavior in the ordering process of the retailer and the re-use of leftovers by a soup kitchen. All interventions show potential to reduce food waste. 

This report provides an overview of how the valorisation tasks within the REFRESH project support the EU food waste targets.

It can be difficult for businesses to identify in which conditions a valorization option is economically feasible. Using a case study on a chicory processing by-product, this report presents a methodology for a well-underpinned assessment of practical economic feasibility.

Valorising food waste by extracting high value food ingredients such as bioactives is a preferable alternative to traditional valorisation approaches, such as animal feed. This report investigates the potential benefits and drawbacks, as well as favorable conditions for such processes through a number of case studies, using tomato side streams as an example.

This report identifies how external conditions (legislative, environmental, social and economic) can influence development of food waste conversion options, specifically through conversion of currently wasted food to animal feed.

This policy brief outlines the environmental, economic and safety considerations of reforming EU law to enable surplus food containing meat to be fed to omnivorous non-ruminant livestock like pigs, in order to drive food waste valorisation through animal feed.

In many countries, a considerable proportion of wasted food and food residues still ends up as mixed putrescible waste which contains a high-water content and which may vary considerably both regionally and seasonally. Market assessments show domination of crop-based commodity feedstocks such as maize or corn and plant-based lipids rather than food chain wastes. The authors investigate the conversion of mixed post-consumer organic putrescible food waste materials into fuels and chemicals.

With the close of REFRESH in June 2019 the EU Health and Food Safety Commissioner Vytenis Andriukaitis congratulates to the success of an outstanding research project. In a video message, he says that with its concrete actions and tools developed, REFRESH results will continue to guide EU policy for food waste reduction. The Commissioner himself was involved in many events and activities of the project. In particular, Commissioner Andriukaitis underlines the value of REFRESH insights on how to better understand and reduce consumer food waste and the voluntary agreements that have been established in four EU countries and that will guide the way for more public private partnerships.

This report aims to highlight the potential contribution of food waste reduction to improving the sustainability of agri-food sector, by integrating the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) results and upscaling them to a higher system level, using Germany meat and EU tomatoes as examples.

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